Middle Childhood covering ages seven to eleven Adolescence covering ages eleven to twenty-two This breakdown of ages provides rough correspondence with the stage theories of Piaget, Erikson, and Bronfenbrenner too. For example, a twelve-year-old may have the physical growth and change of an adolescent but mentally still be in the concrete operational stage.
Thus, the concept of sustainable development provides framework for the integration of environmental policies and development strategies having implications at international, national regional and local levels.
Development should not endanger the natural systems that support life on earth. Many people in the industrial world today operate with the frontier mentality, which is a human-centered view based on the three erroneous basic ideas: The world has an unlimited supply of resources for human use; Humans are apart from nature, and Nature is something to overcome.
However, the realization is growing fast that we are in a world of limits, and ever-increasing growth of material consumption can only damaged, the life-giving physical components of the environment.
Hence, the concept of sustainable development leads us to new resource consumption strategies, which are: Conservation or reduction of excessive resource use, Recycling and reuse of materials and More use of renewable resources like solar energy rather than non-renewable resources such as oil and coal.
Sustainable development also requires meeting the basic needs of all deprived people in this world and extending to all, the opportunities to satisfy their aspirations for a better life.
Otherwise, the world, in which poverty and inequity are endemic, will always be prone to ecological and other crisis. For example, the irrigation practices, pesticides, and fertilizers used on farm affect the productivity of the neighboring ones, especially among small farms.
The interdependence of various components of the earth was recognized to some extent by traditional social systems, which enforced practices such as community control over agriculture or traditional rights relating to water, forests and land.
But with the surge of technological progress the responsibilities of decision-making are being taken away from traditional communities. Interdependence is not simply a local phenomenon. Rapid growth in production has extended it to the international plane with both physical and economic manifestation.
There are growing global and regional environmental hazards such as over consumption of fossil fuels leading to global warming or excessive use of chlorofluorocarbons leading to depletion of ozone layer.
Inequalities sharpen when a system approaches ecological limits. For example, when urban air quality deteriorates, the poor, living in vulnerable areas suffer more health damage than the rich, who live in cleaner neighborhood and also have the means to find a remedy or when mineral resources become depleted, late-comers to the industrialization process loss the benefits of cheap raw materials.
Globally, wealthy nations are better placed financially and technologically to cope with the effects of resource depletion and environmental degradation. We can say that our inability to promote common interest in sustainable development is often a product of the neglect of economic and social justice within and amongst the nations.
However, the search for common interests would be less difficult if all developmental and environmental problems are tackled in totality for the betterment of whole mankind.
Also our growing knowledge of the global interconnection would create a more thoughtful approach to development.The Director’s Toolbox / Orientation, Training, and Staff Development growth and development, age characteristics, language skills, interaction pat-terns, and so on. The director must make the decisions about resources, fund- The Director’s Toolbox / Orientation, Training, and Staff Development C.
Brief note on the Concept of sustainable Development Development should not endanger the natural systems that support life on earth. Many people in the industrial world today operate with the frontier mentality, which is a human-centered view based on the three erroneous basic ideas.
(Carolyn Meggitt and Gerald Sunderland) () Child Development: An illustrated guide.
Heinemann. Heinemann. The skills of observation are important and the importance of tone of voice and body language, particularly when the words spoken might be saying something completely different.
Natural Laws of Development Growth and development through self-activity is Nature's greastest miracle. Man creates himself according to the laws of growth and development. It is only a cycle in which both adults and children take their places.
Natural law theory is a legal theory that recognizes law and morality as deeply connected, if not one and the same.
Morality relates to what is right and wrong and what is good and bad. Chapter 4: Population and Human Resources. 1.
In some 80 million people were added to a world population of billion. Each year the number of human beings increases, but the amount of natural resources with which to sustain this population, to improve the quality of human lives.
and to eliminate mass poverty remains finite.